Architectural History

Exhibition


Dear visitors!
In the exhibition about the building history you can learn more about the varied history of the castle and its predecessors. 

 

 

Origin

The origins of the castle go back to a castle, which was built as a base for the colonisation of the Pleißenland from 1165 to 1172. From this founding phase, the lower part of the keep, made of dark hump blocks, has been preserved to this day.
In 1430 Hussites besieged the castle and almost completely destroyed it. In the following years, Veit II. Of Schönburg had built a new castle at the same site, which fell victim to a fire in 1519. The building complex was rebuilt shortly afterwards.
Under Hugo I. of Schönburg, the new construction of the front castle in Renaissance forms took place between 1556 and 1565, resulting in a double palace complex. The western residential wing of this new building was two-storey, the northern wing single-storey. Both castles stood side by side until 1619, when a fire destroyed the rear castle grounds again on 9 February. Only the portal, which was converted into the Grünfelder Park, is preserved from this (gate "Zur stillen Naturfreude"). The remaining ruins of the Rear Castle were not rebuilt and remained unchanged or partially used until they were demolished in 1783. The moat between the two buildings was filled with rubble.
In the years 1778 to 1800, at the instigation of Otto Carl Friedrich (1756-1800), from 1790 Prince of Schönburg-Waldenburg, a renewal of the front castle took place, also under his son Otto Viktor I. in 1835.
On April 5, 1848, in connection with the Civil Revolution, the Renaissance castle was plundered and completely burned down by angry demonstrators.

New Castle Building 1855 – 1859

The plans for the new castle, which was built between 1855 and 1859 as a historicist four-winged complex with Romanesque and English Tudor Gothic style elements, were drawn up by the architect Eduard Pötsch, Leipzig.
The building commissioned by Prince Otto Victor I. of Schönburg-Waldenburg (1785-1859) was constructed as a three-storey, castellated building with an inner courtyard and tower.
The interior design of the social rooms corresponded to the historicist taste of the time.
Above the main entrance of the castle there was a balcony, which today can be found on the west side of the castle as an almost unchanged front element of this construction period.
In the late summer of 1858, the Pillnitz court gardener Otto Terscheck designed the garden architecture of the palace park.

Conversion And Extension 1909-1912


Waldenburg Castle received its present appearance through an elaborate reconstruction under Prince Otto Victor II. Of Schönburg-Waldenburg (1882-1914) between 1909 and 1912.
Under the overall construction management of the Royal Saxon Court Building Council Gustav Frölich (1859-1933), parts of the 19th century building were gutted and all rooms and their functions were rearranged according to contemporary requirements. Technically, Gustav Frölich equipped the palace with the most modern achievements for the time around 1910, such as complete electrification, telephone, central steam heating, hot water system, complex ventilation, food elevator, separate extinguishing water pipe and central vacuum cleaner system.
Essential changes in the architecture resulted from the insertion of the eastern side wing, the change of the roof forms and the construction of the terraces.
The north and south sides of the castle were covered with sandstone veneers, porphyry pilasters and gabled structures on the central risalit.
The main portal was enhanced by the addition of a protruding balcony with a sandstone driveway.
The interior decoration is very luxurious according to the aristocratic living culture. The vestibule was designed by the architect with a newly fashionable charred artificial limestone, the floors and stairs are covered with white and black marble.
The spacious stair hall with skylight was built over the old inner courtyard, which is centrally located in the complex.
The festival halls, the Blue and Yellow Rooms, the library, the Chinese Room, the Gobelin and Mirror Rooms as well as the staircase hall and the vestibule are particularly valuable from an art-historical point of view. This ensemble of reform architecture represents one of the most consistent and extensive examples of eclectic interior design.
The architect Gustav Frölich, who was striving for the highest quality of Dresden's building tradition at the turn of the century, engaged companies and craftsmen who had already worked for the Saxon court.
In 1928 the real estate was transferred to the property of an association in order to make it and the art collections in the castle accessible to the public and the scientific community.

Post-War Period

After the end of the war in 1945 the estate was partially plundered. In 1948 the district council of Glauchau made it possible to open a lung sanatorium in the building. So not only the planned demolition could be prevented, but Waldenburg Castle could be converted into a specialist hospital for decades, until 1998, which ensured the preservation of the building and its equipment.
The district has been renovating the castle since 2005. The roof, front and castle chapel shine again in the old splendour of 1912 for sightseeing, concerts, weddings and festivities.